FMT Factors underlying the Long-term Efficacy of Faecal Microbiota Transplantation for Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Jun 2024, n=171). Small intestine route had a much greater response rate and efficacy compared to the large intestine route.

Fecal Microbiota Transplants

Michael Harrop

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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1286457924001084

Abstract​

The long-term effects of the transplant dose, its administration route and repeated faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) on the outcomes of FMT for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are unknown.

This study included 171 patients (125 females and 46 males): 90 g of donor feces was administered into the large intestine (LI) in 58, into the small intestine (SI) in 57, and into the SI twice (repeated SI) in 56. The patients provided a fecal sample and completed five questionnaires at the baseline and at 2 years after FMT. Fecal bacteria and the dysbiosis index were analyzed using 16S rRNA gene PCR DNA amplification/probe.

The response rates at 2 years after FMT were 47.2%, 80.9%, and 76.6% in the LI, SI, and repeated-SI groups, respectively. The response rate was significantly higher in the SI and repeated SI groups than in the LI group. IBS symptoms at 2 years after FMT were less severe in the SI and repeated-SI groups than in the LI group. Fluorescent signals of several bacteria were significantly correlated with IBS symptoms and fatigue after FMT. No long-term adverse events were observed.

In conclusion, administering the transplant to the SI increased the long-term response rate and reduced IBS symptom severity compared with administering it to the LI, and led to the long-term colonization of beneficial bacteria. There was no long-term difference between one and two FMT procedures. (www.clinicaltrials.gov: NCT04236843).
 
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